Maximum Sum

A problem that is simple to solve in one dimension is often much more difficult to solve in more than one dimension. Consider satisfying a boolean expression in conjunctive normal form in which each conjunct consists of exactly 3 disjuncts. This problem (3-SAT) is NP-complete. The problem 2-SAT is solved quite efficiently, however. In contrast, some problems belong to the same complexity class regardless of the dimensionality of the problem. Given a 2-dimensional array of positive and negative integers, find the sub-rectangle with the largest sum. The sum of a rectangle is the sum of all the elements in that rectangle. In this problem the sub- rectangle with the largest sum is referred to as the maximal sub-rectangle. A sub-rectangle is any contiguous sub-array of size 1 × 1 or greater located within the whole array. As an example, the maximal sub-rectangle of the array: is in the lower-left-hand corner: and has the sum of 15. Input 0 −2 −7 0 9 2 −6 2 −4 1 −4 1 −1 8 0 −2 92 −4 1 −1 8 The input consists of an N × N array of integers. The input begins with a single positive integer N on a line by itself indicating the size of the square two dimensional array. This is followed by N2 integers separated by white-space (newlines and spaces). These N2 integers make up the array in row-major order (i.e., all numbers on the first row, left-to-right, then all numbers on the second row, left-to-right, etc.). N may be as large as 100. The numbers in the array will be in the range [−127, 127]. Output The output is the sum of the maximal sub-rectangle. Sample Input 4 0-2-7 09 2-6 2 -4 1-4 1-1 8 0 -2 Sample Output 15